Have you ever wondered how a carpet is made?
Most of us don’t really think about our carpets after we have bought them and had them fitted unless you spill something on them or get to the point where they need a bit of spruce when you might call a Cheltenham Carpet Cleaning Company like http://gnccontractservices.com to come and help you. But carpets are much more complex than you think and not only can they be made from a variety of materials but the process of making a carpet also takes a number of steps to fully complete.
The types of materials that you can find your carpet is made of include:
- Synthetic fibres such as nylon, polypropylene or polyester
- Natural fibre such as wool
Synthetic fibres are created through a chemical process that usually involves oil or natural gas. There are benefits to having carpets made from one of these fibres and these are shown below.
Nylon – a nylon carpet will be around 75 percent nylon and is one of the most common carpet types and is used for a variety of reasons including the fact that these carpets tend to retain their appearance very well and do not fade as much as other carpets. They also tend to be more heat resistance and resistance to soiling and staining. This is because the stains find it harder to penetrate the lower levels of the nylon fibres.
Polypropylene – this is the second most common synthetic fibre choice for carpet manufacturing and has been around since the 1950s and is a good all-round carpet choice although it is not as hard wearing as nylon and so may not be appropriate in high traffic areas. It is a fibre that is naturally resistant to both staining and the effects of moisture.
Polyester – is the newest synthetic fibre having been introduced in the 1960s. Again, it is not as durable as nylon but is usually fade resistant and good at resisting stains.
There are essentially three main parts to the creation of carpet. The first being Tufting. This is where the fibres (natural or synthetic) are woven into the backing material which is usually a polypropylene of some description. A specialist machine that is made up for around 800 to 2000 needles is used to pull the fibres through the backing material. These machines can be up to 3.5 metres wide.
Following on from this the fibres are dyed the required colour. Sometimes the fibres can be pre-dyed before the tufting process takes place. There are a number of different ways that dye can be added to the carpet and these include passing the carpet through a solution bath of the dye numerous times until the fibres absorb the colour, spraying the carpet with the colour dye that is desired as well as printing a pattern onto the surface of the fibres.
The final stage is manufacturing which is where a coating is added to the backing of the carpet this could be made from latex or other suitable material such as polypropylene. The backing is heat pressed together and then the carpet can be inspected for any defects and is ready to leave the factory. stitch rate – measure of how close the yarns.