Basic tips on how to take care of garden plants
Here we give you the steps you must follow so that your garden is always in the best conditions, making it the envy of all. Let’s know how to take care of garden plants.
How to take care of garden plants
• Do not plant too tight, give space to plants to develop well according to their size.
• Excavate wide holes; Take out as many weeds as possible and mix the soil with an organic fertilizer, for example, manure, mulch, compost, peat, etc. Instead of organic fertilizer, you can use mineral fertilizer (chemical fertilizer), but only as an alternative, since the former is preferable at the time of planting.
• In the case of trees, do not forget to nail and hold the specimen to a firm tutor so that it stays vertical.
• To know how to water the plants, a lot of observation and learning of the errors is necessary.
• During the first year after planting does not neglect irrigation because the roots are still shallow.
• Water early in the morning or at dusk, not with the sun in full height.
• Provides more water if the plant is in full sun or if it is exposed to the winds.
• Do not wet the flowers because they would last less.
• It is always better to stay short to pass.
• Every year you must provide all your plants (trees, shrubs, roses, flowers, grass, etc.) with some type of fertilizer.
• You can pay only on the basis of organic fertilizers, such as manure, mulch, compost, earthworm humus, guano, peat …, but the best thing is to use an organic fertilizer combined with a mineral fertilizer.
• The organic fertilizer is made in winter or autumn, spreading a layer of 2 or 3 cm on the ground (if it is guano, less); then it is buried slightly with the hoe. Once a month or every two months (in winter, nothing), sprinkle a handful of granules of conventional mineral fertilizers at the base of the plants, eg, Nitrophoska. If you use the so-called slow-release fertilizers, the nutrients are released little by little, over 3 months or more, and one application in the spring and one in the fall instead of a little each month is enough.
• I recommend, finally, that you add to the earth, or that you spray on the leaves, iron chelates and other micronutrients in order to foresee the lack of iron and thus have greener leaves. Do this once a month.
• The lawn fertilizes with 3 applications/year.
4. ELIMINATE BAD HERBS
• If you want to have a garden free of weeds, take note of the following tips:
• In massifs of shrubs, seedlings, cactus gardens, gravel roads, etc., before planting, place an anti-weed mesh. On the mesh, it extends pine, Chinese or colored gravel rinds to achieve an aesthetic finish.
• Another option is quilting or mulching. It consists of covering the ground at the foot of the plants with barks of pine, gravel, straw, mulch, peat, mulch, compost … Very effective so that seeds do not germinate. Keep Reading how to germinate seeds.
• Perennial Herbs such as Grama, Sedge, Cañota, Correhuela, etc. They are difficult to eradicate because they bounce again and again. If you start them by hand or with a hoe, with consistency, they will weaken and each time they will come out less without having to resort to glyphosate-type herbicides.
• Water the day before weeding so that the ground is humid and thus remove the weeds more easily.
• The trees, shrubs, climbers, and roses are pruned in winter, but throughout the year you can also, and should, make light interventions to eliminate undesirable elements such as:
– Dry branches, broken, diseased.
– Branches that hinder the passage of people.
– Branches that have grown a lot (pacifiers).
– Rebounds that may have arisen from the same root.
– Flowers and past fruits.
– Branches that have left completely green in the variegated plants. If you do not, you will lose the yellow or white variegated leaves.
• Formal hedges require at least 2 cuts per year, but in milder climates, of the Mediterranean type, between 3 and 5 will be necessary to keep them perfectly outlined.
• Vivacious and Seasonal Plants, if they are lanky and not very dense, the tips of the shoots should be slightly trimmed to cause lateral stems to develop and make a more compact and branched growth. This will give more flowers.
• Oregano, Mint, Melissa, Lavender, Thyme, Sage, Santolina … cut them after flowering to provoke a new healthy development; otherwise, they will become woody.
6. CONTROL PESTS AND DISEASES
• If you cultivate your plants correctly, with their irrigation, their fertilizer, sufficient light, etc., they will be strong and vigorous and will be much more resistant to the attacks of pests and diseases.
• Frequently inspect the leaves to discover the presence of parasites or any sign of disease. The sooner you discover them, the easier their control will be.
• Attention to the most frequent pests such as aphids, cochineal and whitefly.
• If the previous year there have been strong attacks of some plague or fungus, it is logical that it should be repeated, therefore, you should try preventively with insecticides or fungicides.
• Preventively treat roses once a month with fungicide to prevent fungi such as powdery mildew, mildew, black spot and rust.
• The Geranium Butterfly must be combed by spraying every 15 days; you see symptom or not.
• Capture by hand beetles, caterpillars, worms, snails, slugs … these last at night after a rain or irrigation.
• You can use Ladybugs to partially control the Aphid. Collect all you see (adults and larvae), put them in a box and distribute them through the plants attacked by aphids.
• Cut and burn leaves that have been attacked by fungi.