FINISHING FACADES OF PRIVATE HOUSES OR AS A DECORATIVE STONE CAN DECORATE AND SIMULTANEOUSLY STRENGTHEN YOUR HOUSING?
PRIVATE HOUSES – Change the appearance of the building will help finish the facade of the house with decorative paint and stone. You can take the initiative in your hands. With the help of quality materials and properly organized work, you can not only decorate your home but also strengthen the building.
Finishing the facades of private houses – what are the options?
Do you want to extend the life of your house? This will help the qualitative decoration of the facades of private houses. Consider the options.
Stylish design can be done with the help of facade paint and stone. How to design and qualitatively make such a decoration, we will consider in detail below.
Decorative plaster. There are many types of decorative plaster: mineral decorative, silicate, erratic and others. This material makes it possible not only to decorate the house but also helps to insulate it and extend the life of the building. But at the same time plastering works require certain skills and take a lot of time.
Facade bricks. Also well strengthens and insulates the walls. But this is a costly kind of decoration. To achieve good thermal insulation may require additional use of insulation (polystyrene foam or solid mineral wool).
Siding. Quickly mounted. But at the same time, the houses are externally monotonous and in the future, there is no possibility to make changes in the appearance of the house.
Plastic decorative panels imitate stone, decorative brick, marble and other textures. One of the cheapest materials. Allows you to quickly carry out all the work on decorating the facade. The main drawback – easily breaks.
Varnish and antiseptic impregnation for wooden houses. Allow protecting wood from natural elements: rain, snow. Do not spoil the bark beetle. Such finishing of the facades of wooden houses is indispensable in the first years of operation because at this time shrinkage of the building occurs, and other materials can be destroyed or deformed.
Advantages of combined finish
The facade decoration with stone and decorative paint have a number of advantages:
Fragmentary use of decorative stone significantly reduces financial costs and time for the production of all works.
You can do without plastering. Enough part of the facade, which will be painted, well cleaned and processed.
Reliably strengthens and protects the sole and corners of the house.
It protects the building from atmospheric precipitation, and at the same time the walls “breathe” (condensation in the rooms is excluded).
It is possible to change the color of the building (high-quality materials allow you to paint the walls up to 5 times without additional work).
How to plan to avoid making mistakes with the purchase of materials
First of all, it is necessary to decide which surfaces will be decorated with a stone, and which ones will be painted. To do this, consider various options in magazines or the Internet and choose what’s more to your liking. It is not necessary to use a stone only for the plinth and corners. The beautifully framed framing of window and door portals, facing the stone walls of the veranda or the pediment of the roof.
You can make small sketches or drawings of surfaces with dimensions. This will help calculate the necessary material and facilitate further work. Write down how much material you need.
Then pick up the calculator. We multiply the length and height of the surfaces, which will be faced with a stone and add 10% to the resulting figure. In the same way, the need for paint, soil and dry mixtures is calculated. Help you can specialists in construction stores, which according to your drawings will prompt you how much material you need.
It is better to buy ready-made tinted paint because at home it is not always possible to get the same tone for large surfaces. The cheapest paint is KOLORIT, dear Tikkurila. The average price category is CAPAROL, SMILE.
The correct sequence of work or how is it done by professionals?
It is necessary to thoroughly clean the surface. Clean the brick houses with a hose with a spray gun. Lime or chalk, completely remove from the surface of the wall with a spatula.
If there are small cracks plastered with finishing putty. The solution is done according to the instructions. With a thin spatula (5 cm) spread the filler over a wider surface (25 cm). Smoothly move the bottom up on the wall. The closer you get to the big spatula, the better the layer will be.
First, the stone is laid. The area for installation is treated with a deep impregnating primer (if the porous surface needs to be treated twice). On smooth walls make hammer notches for better adhesion of the stone to the wall.
A stone imitating a brick, or a rocky (torn) surface with different shades, must be laid in such a way that a beautiful pattern is obtained. To do this, you can pre-expand the contents of one box on a flat surface and already select individual elements. The material that has the texture of cobblestones is stacked alternately large and small pieces.
It is most convenient to mix the solution with a drill with a mixer (special nozzle) in the bucket following the instructions on the package. The mixture should be homogeneous without lumps.
Laying starts from the bottom. Using a spatula (30 cm), apply the solution on the wall with a layer of 1 cm. First apply to a small area, up to 1 sq.m. for training. In the case of slow stacking (which is often the case for beginners), the solution will solidify, and all work will go wrong.
After that, the mortar is applied to the stone 0.5-1 cm (depending on the surface: on smooth less, on course more). Toothed staple to make grooves. This also helps to remove excess solution. Press the stone against the wall. If the solution is made correctly (it is not too thick), you can do without a rubber hammer.
Smooth elements are laid without a gap: you need to press the elements tightly to each other. This allows you to create a solid picture.
Installation of the “wild stone” is done with the subsequent expansion of the joints. To get a beautiful seam, and do not spend extra money on a special grout, you can pass through the seams after 2 hours after laying a neatly damp sponge, this will make a beautiful, smooth texture, and you will spare yourself additional work.
Before painting, the area is treated with soil 2 times. It is more convenient to process the soil and coloring with a roller on a long holder. Thus, most of the work can be done from the ground without using ladders. First, the surface around the windows and stones is painted with a brush and a roller (10 cm).
Painting is necessary from the top down. Roller plunges into the paint and removes excess material from it so that there is no staining, and the paint does not splatter the stone. For this, special pump rooms are used (you need to buy according to the size of the roller). The area is covered in a row without any gaps.
The drying time depends on the air temperature. The most optimal is 18-20 ° C. If the temperature is lower, the time should be longer. A temperature above 28 ° C may cause the material to peel off. After the paint dries completely (on an average day), the surface is painted again.